How strong would be a united Italy in the middle ages?
Probably as strong as Spain or Portugal. Tuscany would produce some of the best explorers, cartographers, sailors etc in Europe. My LARPey fantasy is to have Italy unite in like 900 AD and have an established Kingdom until the modern day.
Give me a tl;dr on Hinduism
You're free to take a piece of paper and do whatever you want with it. What do /his/?
Here's what I think is going on bros:
I think existence is either
A) the Supreme Brute Fact, an irrational, inexplicable efflorescence of Something into Nothing, and when we die that's it and suffering is a sick joke made by a sick fuck who isn't even there
B) if we grant a primacy to consciousness, quality, meaning, beauty, love, whatever you want to call what it is that validates and justifies subjective existence, and if we recognize the remarkable congruence of spiritual testimony across all religions and wisdom traditions, then...
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Why north africa has such a rich history (Carthage, moors..) when the sub-saharian part was stone age tier until the 19th?
They are close to Europe, so trade. And they were part of the Roman Empire, so they experienced hundreds of years of relative peace. I don't know about the complexity of African governmental systems, but thanks to Rome they had a history of relatively good government.
>Said that America should be a nation of small farmers
>Across the sea James Watt had invented the Steam Engine, thus setting the stage for the Industrial Revolution which would make small farmers uneconomical and obsolete.
Tommy J. was a decent guy but he most definitely was not infallible or always right.
TJ was a coward who couldn't fathom responsibility or destiny as a nation; he was a smallminded politician in ways that Hamilton, Washington, and Madison clearly were not. Easily in the lowest quartile of founding fathers.
>wanted to keep the country small
>proceeds with the Louisiana Purchase
If we're talking about presidents who said one thing and did the other, for the good or not, TJ has to be one of the worst
Did Christianity cause the fall of Rome?
Did Christianity contribute to the decline?
What else contributed to it?
If Christianity didn't cause the fall, what did?
Was he a good general ?
he played with the tactics that others created.
He was never a bad general, but he was never a good one either. He was just known for trying to kill Hitler and beating the shit out of a horribly led army in North Africa. His escapades in Normandy weren't out of this world and probably sum up his skills best.
Does evolutionary history count as history?
Sure, I guess, it's anthropology right?
I would consider it biology and/or archeology, since early human evolution predates recorded history, therefore making it difficult to study history beyond theorizing when and how evolutionary advancements occurred.
Was there any chance of the North Sea Empire surviving? Or was it only possible because of a sick Cnut?
That really doesn't have anything to do with the North Sea Empire, the Vikings of Dublin/Isles weren't really related to Cnut.
Anyway, Cnut was the sole reason the NSE survived at all, the rights of succession doomed any long term success. By the time Harald Hardradda tried to reform it, the Kingdoms where too independent.
>Was there any chance of the North Sea Empire surviving?
Nope. It was kept together by Cnut, his underlings were incompetent and unpopular. Cnut kept the whole thing stable but even he wasn't well liked. If he had more time to stabilize his empire it might have survived, but very few states survived due to one mans will alone.
What is the most convincing argument against solipsism?
Did soldiers of ancient battles get ptsd? Or medieval or renaissance times warriors? Or is ptsd a modern warfare phenomenon?
What would the world be like today if "Communism" had continued to spread and the U.S. hadn't have intervened? Which nations would still be Capitalist, and which nations would still be "Socialist"?
Would all of Africa and South America have adopted Marx if Guevara was never killed? Would South Korea be Socialist and possibly Japan and all of the Southern Asiatic nations?
Nothing would have happened except Dow Chemicals would make a few billion less.
The CIA and the Americans in general couldn't stop shit.
By 2016? All countries would be "capitalist" as every Communist nation would ditch Marxism by now or have collapsed.
If we're taking US Intervention literally, the USSR wouldn't have survived WWII (No US Intervention means no US feeding the USSR, arming it, and funding it to stop Hitler). If we take "no intervention" even further the USSR doesn't even form because Britain and Germany don't fund Trotsky and Lenin.
So why did Hitler let the Brits escape?
Is anyone else utterly unconvinced by the idea that the middle east would be peaceful if states were created along "natural" borders after WW1? Considering the amount of mixed ethnic areas, especially in big cities, surely there'd still be ethnic conflict. And even if the resulting states were fairly homogenous, an ethnic group happening to sit on a lot of resources will cause inter-state ethnic violence. The middle east would still be violent but in a different way.
It's about more than just natural borders, but the administrative system in each state. The issue with the borders today is that they were drawn at the political convenience of London and Paris, which delegated their rule to their outposts in Damascus and Baghdad.
London and Paris came to dominate their respective nations through several centuries of political, cultural, economic, and military influence, but Damascus and Baghdad spent most of that same time as one of several competing cities all serving distant masters in Turkey, and later Europe.
So rather than leave behind a federal system like the U.S. where each state in the union handles its own affairs, the French and the British made nation-states in their own image where one capital city bent all others to its will.
This worked in smaller sized states like Jordan, where the capital was the nation more or less, but in Syria you have Damascus, Homs/Hama, Aleppo, and Raqqa and Deir-ez-zor, all cities that could be capitals in their own right but suddenly had to bow to the will of Damascus and its political elite. Same thing with Iraq. Strongarm dictators forced the arrangement to work with lots of bloodshed and under the table dealing, but now it's impossible.