What are some basic books for studying nordic history?
Why did the Soviet economy tank so badly in late 1980s?
not to mention the mass general discontentment among the population at this time once they started to realize how bullshit communism was as they were exposed to the west and free ideas more and more
Why did spain not conquer this country ?
They attempted to through conflict and dynastic marriages however Portugal was always culturally distinct from the casteillians and the Portuguese as a general rule wanted to remain independent. Since the 16th century though; England supported Portugal against any desputes with the Spanish so as to counter further Spanish power in Europe. TLDR: Spain tried but In the end complete subjugation wasn't worth the cost in money, manpower and face in the Europe political spectrum.
It tried, but it failed everytime. They managed to do it between 1580 and 1640 because the portugal king was a teenager obsessed with fighting the moors, so he went to northern africa with an army, got defeated and killed without having an heir.
Iberia in general is too mountainous to march armies around. That's why the 'rim' is full of independent or semi-independent cultural-political units, the catalans, portuguese, basques, to some extent the galicians and valencians..
>tfw you realize that all the Christian posters and their posts seething with insanities are actually just master-level trolls
I am unironically an xtian, do you want my baptism certificate, or wut?
Tell me about the Holodomar /his/, is it overblown or not?
I am leaning at overblown, though that's just me.
I don't understand why you can look at the death totals of WW2 and then think these small numbers are unreasonable. The entire region between Germany and the Reds got rolled over twice. Famine and starvation aren't surprising.
What exactly caused the shitclusterfuck that was the Lebanese Civil War?
Like I get that the Lebanon was a patchwork of lots of different ethnic and religious groups, and that it was bound to explode at one point or another
But why did it happen in 1975 as opposed to any other time?
>upperclass rightist Maronites and lower class leftist muslims (many being Palestinian refugees) are not getting along
>cold war tensions all over the place
>the maronites start killing leftists and war starts
>the Palestine Liberation Organization relocates to Lebanon after Black September
>the PLO naturally sides with the leftists and nationalists of Lebanon
>Syria realizes that the PLO might bring israel into the war, so Syrian forces step in to stop the PLO
>Syria helps uses the Arab Deterrent Force and Amal Movement as fronts and takes control of swaths of Lebanon
>israel joins the war just to piss off the PLO and helps the Phalangists (maronites) genocide some Palestinian refugee camps
>multinational force steps in to support the Lebanese gov't
>Hezbollah takes control of Amal movment
>Yasser Arafat makes some deals and the PLO leaves
>general Michel Auon, with backing of the Phalangists, starts an anti-Syria campaign
>Syria occupies north Lebanon, israel takes the south
>Taif Agreement comes to the table, but Aoun denounces it
>Aoun loses hold of the Phalangists and they chimp out and kill each other
>Syrian forces attack Aoun's palace, kill a bunch of his supporters, and force him to flee to France
>Years later, the Cedar Revolution ousts Syria from Lebanon and the 2006 war ousts israel from the south
TL;DR don't start a civil war in an important geopolitical area during the Cold War
Palestinians behaved like conquerors in Lebanon like they acted in Jordanie before the black september, their arrival also caused a demographic shift i.e christians became a minority and sunni became equal to shia in the country. With both of these reasons and Lebanon being created by french as a christian country, the christians didn't support that fact and didn't want to become dhimmi so they went full Deus Vult while the sunnis believed they could now bully the shia like in the old days, this caused all...
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So now that we are no longer bound by the mind matter dualism but are facing a resurgent metaphysics based on emergence and vertical and horizontal pluralism(i.e. different levels of being: physics, chemistry, biology, psych, culture all with their own emergent and unique proporties and seperate non reducible ontology) and religion is coming back to the forfront as a driving force should we update our understanding of god as well? In what way?
After all, god is a personification, a literary subject through which we express our frustrations or that stands for the powers which...
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Why should I believe in science when religion explains everything?
Why should I got to lit anymore when all OP does is swallow mile after mile of cock each day?
Daily reminder that Classical Greek is vastly superior to Classical Latin.
>Not learning Ancient Hebrew, Middle Coptic or Assyrian Aramaic
did you knew fryderyk nicki - alias friedrich nietzsche was from a polish noble family and he bragged about it, despising jermonies? now you do.
ps. check origins of "leibniz" too :DDD
people must be aware of his origin
Leibniz was a Sorb btw tbw
If we're his property, why does he justify himself to us?
Any bros in here have a History degree? What do you do?
Is this a good place to start with Kierkegaard? And is Kierkegaard a good place to start with Existentialism in general?
What are moral implications of a virtual reality? Some say that our live is a virtual one already, therefore there is nothing new. Others find the interesting philosophical ideas from that word. Most radical one believe that our entire World could be the simulation. What do you think?
>dude, what if we're in the matrix lmao
I think it might be a problem if people are stuck in virtual reality and don't embrace the real world. The robots might take over while we're playing "waifu harem" or something.
if god doesn't exist then how come i got these dubs?