What went wrong?
What went right?
It's Russia. Their entire history is "and then it got worse".
Their entire economy was dependent on exporting oil to capitalists. The oil crisis in the 70s made them strong. Then oil got cheap in the 80s and caused them to collapse.
They did well for a bit in the 50s and 60s. When they were trying to prove they were better than the West.
Is psychology a science or a humanities topic? I tried posting in /sci/ and they all told me to come here.
Recommended reads about Rome?
Should you mean history in general and don't mind searching/spending a fair bit I could reccomend both of asimovs books on the topic the Roman republic is rather thorough but mildly basic so is the empire it just depends on how extensive you want it. Also I could reccomend sulpicius's cook book or of course bello de Galico
Who is the best Byzantine Emperor and why it is Anastasius?
>Proven statesman even before wearing the purple
>Reform the administration
>Reform the economy
>Filled the treasury (only to have it drained by the memeemperor later on)
>Can calm the crowds by just standing in front of them (when memeemperor did the same, people chimped out even more)
Should we treat cetaceans, great apes and elephants as if they're sentient?
We don't know yet if they are, or even what that means but evidence seems to indicate they're different from other animals. They're smarter and perhaps more aware. Is it the safest bet ethically for us to stop hunting them and try to communicate, if such a thing were possible?
They are sentient.
You mean sapient.
They may be closer. You care more about them, because you can identify more with them.
As knowledge of their behavior becomes more widespread and people become more empathetic you can expect more people to try to protect them.
As it is, most people that hunt these animals don't really know or care. Often they can't afford to care, as they derive much of their livelihood from hunting or otherwise exploiting...
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Finno-Ugrics. What's up with these guys?
Finns and Estonians look like scandinavians and Udmurts look like Irish. Yet they're originally from central asia?
Post /his/ music
RIP in peace, I cri everytiem.
What if instead attacking France in 1914, Germans instead attack Russians in the East and hold a defensive line against the frogs?
If Russia would have collapsed considerably sooner say late 1915 or early 1916 the war in the west would have had a different outcome. Personally i think France would have collapsed somwhere around late 1917/early 1918. Germany wouldn't have starved as bad (ukrainian agriculture) and maybe would have gotten some valuable ressources out of the empires rotten corpse.
I think GB and the Reich would have made a peace Deal at some point. France would have had an even worse face than Weimar, plagued by revanchists...
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Does appeal to historical progress, function as the secular equivalent to "Deus Vult" and "divine ordination"? It seems to have largely filled that vacuum.
Long story short: yes. Empiricism also plays a role, in the sense that science (including social science) is given quasi-religious authority in public debates despite none of the participants really understanding the research and data.
Do any of you know what the oldest written language, or just oldest language known to have been used, is?
And do you know how the letters were used to form sentences, or have any good books or websites you could recommend?
That is Babylonian cuneiform, and it's not the oldest written script. Of physical examples we have, it's hotly debated if Sumerian cuneiform is oldest or Egyptian hieroglyphs. The debate is two-fold, the actual age of the strata in which they're found and the "long or short" reckoning to the events which they portray.
Earliest written communication was not phonetic or even syllabic. It was more like ideas and subsequent modifiers. You could say "man", then, "I mean this man who was a son", then you say "specifically related to this king", then "arose" (or became king, or deified), then "when this event happened" (which might be a conflict, or an astronomical sign, or foundation of a city) , and on and on.
I don't think theres a clear agreement on this, the first Sumerian cuneiform and Egyptian hierogliphic finds are from roughly the same era, plus there are several finds of protowriting even much older from all over the world.
Do we have any idea as to what Ancient Egyptian might have sounded like? And if so, how?
But how? How do we know the pronunciation and the accent?
Did they write it down somewhere in hieroglyphics and then, with the information we get from the Rosetta stone or something, translate their instructions?
They tend to be missing vowels, and the rosetta stone wasn't exactly phonetic.
...also seems that the idea that spinning pottery can capture sounds was a bit bogus.
We do know that some words in living languages have Kemet roots, however, and we can infer some pronunciation from those words.
And what political parties today would admire the Jacobins overthrowing the tyrannical rule of the Capets? Who would oppose the Jacobins today?
The Revolutionary Terror in France was not just aimed at the aristocracy. It was also aimed at the left, and 'anarchists', whose power-base was the Sections of Paris. They wanted the revolution rooted in popular power rather than the centralised state that Robespierre was building. They had to be got rid of. The same thing happened in Russia under Lenin. Robespierre was right in seeing a highly centralised France as necessary for the survival of the Revolution against counter-revolution and the various interventionist powers ranged against France.
the indiscriminate slaughter of peaceful christians, the destruction of priceless religious artefacts, and the establishment of a cult of reason that forbade belief in god and mandated atheism were all good things
Which Christian denomination is the least heretical?
When historical music is discussed, it's almost always art music. But how about we have a thread on historical popular music?
Why is it so hard for people to accept that Byzantium is the legitimate continuation of the Roman Empire?
bruh, it goes like this:
Rome Kingdom-Rome Republic-Rome Empire-Byzantine Empire-Ottoman Empire-Turkish Repulic Modern day Rome is Erdogan yo. (Moscow claimed a bit when the ottomans came in, but it all settled out when the revolution happened)